The Prosecutor General of Russia is the highest prosecutor in Russia, and both hom and his office are independent from the executive, legislative and judicial branches of power. The Prosecutor General remains the most powerful component of the Russian judicial system.

The Prosecutor General is entrusted with:

7. prosecution in court on behalf of the State;

8. representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;

9. supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pre-trial investigation;

10. supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.

The Investigative Committee of Russia, sometimes described as the "Russian FBI", is the main federal investigating authority in Russia, formed in place of the Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor General in 2011.

The Prosecutor General is nominated by the President of Russia and appointed by the majority of Federation Council for a term of five years. If the nomination fails, the President must nominate another candidate within 30 days. The resignation of the Prosecutor General before the end of his term should be approved by both a majority of Federation Council and the President.